Some Pioneers of Nepali Langue

Major Languages Spoken in Nepal

Nepal is a multilingual country. The constitution of Nepal has recognized that all languages spoken as the mother tongues in Nepal are the languages of the nation. The Nepali language is the official language of Nepal. Nepali is a lingua franca too.

Every Nepali can understand and speak Nepali language. The languages; Kirat, Sanskrit, Pali etc. and the scripts; Bramhi, Sirijungha, Devnagari, Ranjana etc. are found to have developed in ancient Nepal.

The Sanskrit language seems to have developed much more compared to other languages later on. After the rise of Jayasthiti Malla, the written form of Newari language began at medieval period.

Some Pioneers of Nepali Langue
Pioneers of Nepali Langue

Although other languages existed in the period, their dominance has not been found in written form. Urdu and Pharasi are found to have been used after the entry of Muslim traders in Nepal in medieval period.

It is obvious from the history that the experts of Sanskrit, Maithili, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Abadhi and Parbate (Nepali) were there in the palace.

Major Languages Spoken in Nepal(According to National
Census 2068)

S.No. Language Population
1. Nepali 1,18,26,953
2. Maithili 3092530
3. Bhojpuri 1584958
4. Tharu 1529875
5. Tamang 1353311
6. Newari 846557
7. Magar 788530
8. Abadhi 501752
9. Bantawa 132583
10. Gurung 325622
11. Limbu 343603
12. Bajjika 793416
13. Urdu 691546
14. Rajbamshi 122214
15. Sherpa 114830
S.No. Language Population
16. Hindi 77569
17. Chamling 76800
18. Santhal 49858
19. Chepang 48476
20. Danuwar 45821
21. Uraw 33651
22. Sunuwar 37898
23. Bengali 21061
24. Rajasthani 25394
25. Majhi 24422
26. Thami 23151
27. Kulung 33170
28. Dhimal 19300
29. Anjika 18555
30. Yakhkha 19558
31. Thulung 20659
S.No. Language Population
32. Sangpang, Sangpahang 18270
33. Bhujeli 21715
34. Darai 11677
35. Khaling 14467
36. Kumal 12222
37. Thakali 5242
38. Chhantyal 4283
39. Sanketik 4476
40. Tibetan 4445
41. Dumi 7638
42. Jirel 4829
43. Wambule 13470
44. Puma 6686
45. Yolmo 10176
46. Nachhering 10041
47. Dura 2156
48. Meche 4375
49. Pahari 3458
50. Lapche 7499
51. Bote 8766
52. Bahai 11658
53. Koyu 1271
54. Raji 3758
55. Hayu 1520
56. Byasi 480
S.No. Language Population
57. Yamphe 9208
58. Ghale 8092
59. Khariya 238
60. Chhiling 2046
61. Lorung 3716
62. Punjabi 808
63. Chinese 242
64. English 2032
65. Meohang 4650
66. Sanskrit 1669
67. Kaike 50
68. Khamji (Raute) 461
69. Kisan 1178
70. Musalman 1075
71. Baram 155
72. Tilung 1424
73. Jerung 1763
74. Dumjali 6260
75. Oriya 584
76. Lingkhing 129
77. Kusunda 28
78. Sindhi 518
79. Koche 2080
80. Hariyanwi 889
81. Maghi 35614
S.No. Language Population
82. Sam 401
83. Kurmali 227
84. Kagate 99
85. Dongkha 80
86. Kuki 29
87. Chintang 3712
88. Mijo 32
89. Naagmese 10
90. Lhomi 808
91. Asami 476
92. Sadhani 122
93. Rai 159114
94. Tajpuriya 18811
95. Khasai 1747
96. Athpahare 5530
97. Gangai 3612
98. Achhami 142787
99. Kham 27113
100. Maalpade 247
101. Dhulelli 347
102. Arabi 8
S.No. Language Population
103. Spanish 16
104. Russian 17
105. Doteli 787827
106. Belhara 599
107. Phangduwali 290
108. Walung 1169
109. Surel 287
110. Baitadeli 272524
111. Bankariya 69
112. Bajhangi 67581
113. French 34
114. Lhopa 3029
115. Dolpali 1667
116. Jumli 851
117. Dailekhi 3102
118. Sonaha 579
119. Dadeldhuri 488
120. Bajureli 10704
121. Darchuleli 5928
122. Manang 392
123. Gadhwali 38

Source: Government of Nepal Ministry of Communication and Information Technology Department of Information and Broadcasting.

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