1. Sagarmatha National Park
Establishment: 2032 BS (1976 AD)
Establishment of buffer zone: 2058 BS (2002 AD)
Area: 1,148 sq. km. Area of buffer zone: 275 sq. km.
Located in Solukhumbu district of State Number 1 in eastern Nepal, the national park has spread incorporating the world’s tallest mountain, Mt. Everest (8848 m).
Its pride has been even increased by the mountain peaks above 6,000 m like Lhotse, Nupse, Choyu, Pumori, Amadablam, and Thamserku in the park.
There are four major valleys in the park: Gokyo, Khumbu, Chhukum and Nangpa which are being used by local habitants.
Gokyo and other related lakes in this park has been included in the Ramsar list in 2007. This national park which has higher mountainous environment has species of trees like chirpine, Himalayan ewe, hemlak, birch, rhododendron.
The flowers of rhododendron in the spring season make the forest of the park very attractive and beautiful.
The wildlife like; musk deer, Himalayan bear, snow leopard, Himalayan serow, Himalayan goral, rein deer and 193 species of birds including lophophorus, blood pheasant, wild hen, snow hen, red beaked crow and yellow beaked crow are the natural jewels of the national park.
This park has been listed in world heritage list since 1979 AD.
2. Chitwan National Park
Establishment: 2030 BS (1973 AD)
Establishment of buffer zone: 2053 BS (1996 AD)
Area: 952.63 sq. km.
Area of buffer zone: 729.37 sq. km.
The park which covers Chitwan, Makwanpur, Parsa and some parts of Nawalparis district is the first national park of Nepal. The area of the park is 952.63 sq. km.
The park includes the main areas of Chure hill, and of the Rapti,Narayani and Riu rivers. 70% of the park is covered by the forest of Teak.
More than 60 kinds of wild mammals are found in the park including the rare animal in the world: one-horned rhinoceros, striped tiger, gangetica dolphin, gaur, Kathe bear, leopard, red hair deer, chital, laguna, stag, four-horned deer, monkey, langur.
Likewise reptiles and amphibians including gharial crocodile, Magar crocodile, python, more than 546 species of local and immigrated birds and different types of insects and pests has made the park richer.
Considering the importance of protecting all these things of natural importance, Chitwan national park has been included in world heritage list in 1984 AD.